Clownfish

Anemone fishes, often known as Clownfish, are the most popular fishes from sea and very popular with the aquarists too. However the behaviour of few species who form a symbiotic relationship with the anemones, makes them the very interesting inhabitants of the domestic aquarium. The symbiosis anemone protects them and the anemone fishes even protect their partner anemone. The most commercially available species in the market are Clarks anemone fish (Amphiprion clarkii) which are widespread throughout the Ondo-Pacific region; the real anemone fish Amphiprion percula and the often bred false anemone fish Amphiprion ocellaris and the maroon clownfish (Premnas biaculeatus) where the class Amphiprion distinguishes 29 different color patterns. Due to the high popularity,for the time being the offsprings of the common anemone fish are offered. Most of the clownfish species reach the final size upto 10cm and have a life expectancy of 6-10 years. Clownfishs are generally less complicated to maintan and thus saltwater fishes are suitable for beginners and newcomers. Since we very much recommend keeping with an anemone, the aquarium should have a lifetime of at least 6 months with stable water parameters.




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The main Clownfish-question is...

"Which anemone fish matches which partner anemone?"

Not every anemone fish match every anemone. So it is important to choose the matching anemone. \nThe most popular symbiotic anemone is probably the Blasenanemone Entacmaea quadricolor which is very often inhabited by clown fishes. Moreover the species of class Heteractis (e.g. Heteractis aurora, Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, Heteractis malu) and the corkscrew -anemone Macrodactyla doreensis is suitable. You take out the matching anemone for your anemone fish-species from the position recommendations of the relevant fishes.\n

My anemone fish is not in my anemone – what can I do?

To being with it is completely normal that anemone fishes do not go directly in an anemone. Above all with offsprings one can note that these are fixed weakly to an anemone. When free one always finds the anemone fishes in anemones. In aquarium we often ensure that the anemone fishes also accept LPS such as Euphyllia, Xenien or soft corals as anemone replacement. However in our view the offering of a matching anemone always belongs to the species-appropriate keeping of anemone fishes. \nAn anemone fish should never be forced violently in an anemone since the fishes must first slowly become used to the nettle toxins. \n

Familiarization of anemone fishes

Due to their reserved nature the anemone fishes should be carefully accustomed to their new surroundings. We ship marine fishes in special packages and the bags are thus filled with pure oxygen. Note that the animals as far as possible are unpacked stress-free. We recommend the adaptation of anemone fishes with the aquarium water via the droplet method where all the fishes and invertebrates can be customized. For this, take out the bag content with water and fish in a dark bucket and cover it with a belly protector. Now with a commercial air tube, add aquarium water dropwise, after about 30 minutes the same amount of aquarium water is flowed in the bag as originally available. Now pour the water carefully and let the animal slide slowly in the aquarium. If it is absolutely necessary, please use only net or hand. This can damage the mucous memebranes of the fishes. Observe the fish the next day and feed them this properly. It proves to be an advantage if the existing tank animals are fed well before putting them inside since this will reduce the stress when putting the new tank inhabitants. Make sure that the amount of stress that arises inside the tank after putting the new inhabitants is as less as possible. It is also recommended that tanks should be covered in the first few days to prevent any panic jump outs of fishes. \n

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Feeding of anemone fishes and clownfishes

Clownfishes are not very choosy regarding feed. They can be fed all the known frozen food like Artemia, Mysis, granulated feed etc. If the anemone fishes have settled properly in an anemone, it should be ensured that they get sufficient food at each feeding. \n

Breeding of anemone fishes – breeding and sex differences in Amp

Anemone fishes belong to the marine fishes which usually the easiest to breed. So today there are lots of commercially available offsprings of clownfishes (German). \n\n If one would like to specifically breed anemone fish, then one can buy a working breeding pair. Anemone fishes are basically born male. The larger, more dominant animal turns itself into a female later. One can also buy two separate anemone fishes safely but it is recommended that one animal is somewhat bigger than the other. An aquarium of around 200l is sufficient for breeding with a host anemone suitable for the species. So a slip tank is required (ca. 100l volume). \n\nThe fact that the anemone fishes spawn, is noted very quickly by an attentive aquarist. The spawning place is cleaned very well by the fishes and the eggs are laid. Now it is highly recommended if the spawning spot needs to be taken out - for example if they are on a flat stone. \n\nThe fishes hatch after 8-9 days (at 27°C water temperature) – on the day before hatching, the stone is taken out carefully with the clutch of eggs and without any air contact in the slip tank. \n\nIf the fishes are finally hatched, they must be fed plankton (Brachionus) immediately and regularly. So few phyto-and zoo plankton concepts are recommended here. Also a daily change of water from the water in breeding tanks should be considered. \nWe wish you lots of success in breeding anemone fishes! \n

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